Fatty liver is a condition consisting of the accumulation of fat (triglycerides) in the form of vesicles within the livers hepatocytes. Fatty liver is divided into two subcategories; alcoholic fatty liver disease ALFD and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD, though the clinical outcomes are nearly the same. The condition is also associated with other diseases … Continue reading Hepatic Steatosis (Fatty Liver)
References: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175667-overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171886-overview Liddle, Rodger A., et al. "Cholecystokinin bioactivity in human plasma. Molecular forms, responses to feeding, and relationship to gallbladder contraction." Journal of Clinical Investigation 75.4 (1985): 1144. Stampfer, Meir J., et al. "Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe obesity." The American journal of clinical nutrition 55.3 (1992): 652-658.
Spine ultrasound provides a high resolution imaging technique to rule out common and uncommon vertebral column pathologies like tethered cord syndrome and other spinal dysraphisms.
Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare collection of fluid in the potential space of the galeal or epicranial aponeurosisand cranial periosteum. Birth trauma and forceps use typically cause it (90% of cases), and may also be present in patients with blood clotting disorders. This condition is similar in appearance to a cephalohematoma, though the cephalohematomas are … Continue reading Subgaleal Hematoma
Veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood toward the heart (with the exception of the pulmonary and portal veins which carry oxygen rich blood to the left atrium and liver respectively).
The thyroid is an endocrine organ that secretes hormones that regulate metabolism and protein synthesis. The gland is about 10 - 20 g and butterfly shaped with 2 lobes and isthmus, 30 % of the population also have a pyramidal lobe the extends superior to the isthmus.
Nephrolithiasis typically refers to stones in the Kidney though in this article we'll cover all stones in the urinary tract. It is a common condition that affects 1 in 10 people in the US.