References: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175667-overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171886-overview Liddle, Rodger A., et al. "Cholecystokinin bioactivity in human plasma. Molecular forms, responses to feeding, and relationship to gallbladder contraction." Journal of Clinical Investigation 75.4 (1985): 1144. Stampfer, Meir J., et al. "Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe obesity." The American journal of clinical nutrition 55.3 (1992): 652-658.
The thyroid is an endocrine organ that secretes hormones that regulate metabolism and protein synthesis. The gland is about 10 - 20 g and butterfly shaped with 2 lobes and isthmus, 30 % of the population also have a pyramidal lobe the extends superior to the isthmus.
Nephrolithiasis typically refers to stones in the Kidney though in this article we'll cover all stones in the urinary tract. It is a common condition that affects 1 in 10 people in the US.
Omphalocele and Gastroschisis fall under an umbrella of ventral/anterior thoraco-abdominal wall defects that also include bladder extrophy and ectopia cordis. Prenatal ultrasound is essential in the detection of these conditions. Fetal gut herniation is a normal part of intrauterine development. Begins at 6-8 weeks and completes by 10-12 weeks. The gut elongates or grows … Continue reading Omphalocele vs. Gastroschisis