Uterine congenital anomalies are a collection of dysmorphisms attributable to failure of Müllerian duct development. The Müllerian or Paramesonephric ducts are paired embryological structures that run down the sides of the urogenital ridge which in females become the Uterus and upper one third of the vagina.
Ovarian torsion is an infrequent though important gynecological pathology.
Veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood toward the heart (with the exception of the pulmonary and portal veins which carry oxygen rich blood to the left atrium and liver respectively).
The thyroid is an endocrine organ that secretes hormones that regulate metabolism and protein synthesis. The gland is about 10 - 20 g and butterfly shaped with 2 lobes and isthmus, 30 % of the population also have a pyramidal lobe the extends superior to the isthmus.
Nephrolithiasis typically refers to stones in the Kidney though in this article we'll cover all stones in the urinary tract. It is a common condition that affects 1 in 10 people in the US.
Pilmatricoma (pilomatrixoma) Is a rare benign tumor that grows withing the subcutaneous soft tissues. it is associated with hair follicle matrix. The lesion typically presents as a painless, firm, slow growing mass most commonly seen in the head and neck, but they can also be seen in the trunk and extremities. Usually seen in children … Continue reading Pilomatricoma
Omphalocele and Gastroschisis fall under an umbrella of ventral/anterior thoraco-abdominal wall defects that also include bladder extrophy and ectopia cordis. Prenatal ultrasound is essential in the detection of these conditions. Fetal gut herniation is a normal part of intrauterine development. Begins at 6-8 weeks and completes by 10-12 weeks. The gut elongates or grows … Continue reading Omphalocele vs. Gastroschisis