Gallbladder Infographic

References: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175667-overview http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/171886-overview Liddle, Rodger A., et al. "Cholecystokinin bioactivity in human plasma. Molecular forms, responses to feeding, and relationship to gallbladder contraction." Journal of Clinical Investigation 75.4 (1985): 1144. Stampfer, Meir J., et al. "Risk of symptomatic gallstones in women with severe obesity." The American journal of clinical nutrition 55.3 (1992): 652-658.

Subgaleal Hematoma

Subgaleal hemorrhage is a rare collection of fluid in the potential space of the galeal or epicranial aponeurosisand cranial periosteum. Birth trauma and forceps use typically cause it (90% of cases), and may also be present in patients with blood clotting disorders. This condition is similar in appearance to a cephalohematoma, though the cephalohematomas are … Continue reading Subgaleal Hematoma

Thyroid Ultrasound

The thyroid is an endocrine organ that secretes hormones that regulate metabolism and protein synthesis. The gland is about 10 - 20 g and butterfly shaped with 2 lobes and isthmus, 30 % of the population also have a pyramidal lobe the extends superior to the isthmus.

Omphalocele vs. Gastroschisis

Omphalocele and Gastroschisis fall under an umbrella of ventral/anterior thoraco-abdominal wall defects that also include bladder extrophy and ectopia cordis. Prenatal ultrasound is essential in the detection of these conditions. Fetal gut herniation is a normal part of intrauterine development. Begins at 6-8 weeks and completes by 10-12 weeks.   The gut elongates or grows … Continue reading Omphalocele vs. Gastroschisis

Neonatal Hip Ultrasound

Neonatal Hip Ultrasound Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip is a congenital disorder in which the acetabulum is underdeveloped or there is dislocation of the hip. Incidence of DDH is 1.5 in 1,000 it is more seen in females with a ratio of about 4:1. Indications Abnormal Physical Hip Click Breech Presentation Oligohydramnios Family history or … Continue reading Neonatal Hip Ultrasound